Jul 14, 2010

setting snmpd di ubuntu n enterprise linux

-- info --

take a look on here to gain more experiance about it... :D

-- 1 --
first step all you have to do is preparation the software what is needed. on the way i will split it into 2 way, ubuntu and enterprise way.

-- ubuntu way --
install it with
$ sudo apt-get install snmpd snmp

make backup and edit file snmp.conf
#mv /etc/snmp/snmp.conf /etc/snmp/snmp.conf_old
#vi /etc/snmp/snmp.conf
this is the sample config of snmp.conf

# First, map the community name (COMMUNITY) into a security name
# (local and mynetwork, depending on where the request is coming
# from):

#       sec.name  source          community
com2sec local     localhost        public
com2sec localNet  192.168.1.0/24   public
com2sec localhost localhost        public
#com2sec readonly  default         public
#com2sec readwrite default         private

####
# Second, map the security names into group names:

#               sec.model  sec.name
group MyROSystem v1        local
group MyROSystem v2c       local
group MyROSystem usm       local
group MyROGroup v1         localNet
group MyROGroup v2c        localNet
group MyROGroup usm        localNet
group MyRWGroup v1         local
group MyRWGroup v2c        local
group MyRWGroup usm        local

####
# Third, create a view for us to let the groups have rights to:

#           incl/excl subtree                          mask
view all    included  .1                               80
view system included  .1.3.6.1.2.1.1

also edit file /etc/default/snmpd
# This file controls the activity of snmpd and snmptrapd

# MIB directories.  /usr/share/snmp/mibs is the default, but
# including it here avoids some strange problems.
export MIBDIRS=/usr/share/snmp/mibs

# snmpd control (yes means start daemon).
SNMPDRUN=yes

# snmpd options (use syslog, close stdin/out/err).
#SNMPDOPTS='-Lsd -Lf /dev/null -u snmp -g snmp -I -smux -p /var/run/snmpd.pid 127.0.0.1'
SNMPDOPTS='-Lsd -Lf /dev/null -u snmp -g snmp -I -smux -p /var/run/snmpd.pid'
# snmptrapd control (yes means start daemon).  As of net-snmp version
# 5.0, master agentx support must be enabled in snmpd before snmptrapd
# can be run.  See snmpd.conf(5) for how to do this.
TRAPDRUN=no

# snmptrapd options (use syslog).
TRAPDOPTS='-Lsd -p /var/run/snmptrapd.pid'

# create symlink on Debian legacy location to official RFC path
SNMPDCOMPAT=yes
and restart service
/etc/init.d/snmpd restart

-- enterprise way --
install it using
# yum install net-snmp net-snmp-utils net-snmp-devel
make backup and edit file snmp.conf
#mv /etc/snmp/snmp.conf /etc/snmp/snmp.conf_old
#vi /etc/snmp/snmp.conf
this is a sample of snmp.conf
rocommunity  public
syslocation  "monitor DataCenter"
syscontact  sakti.dwi@localhost
com2sec notConfigUser default public
group notConfigGroup v1 notConfigUser
group notConfigGroup v2c notConfigUser
view systemview included .1.3.6.1.2.1.1
view systemview included .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.1
com2sec mynetwork 192.168.1.0/24 mycommunity
group MyRWGroup v2c local
group MyROGroup v2c mynetwork
group MyRWGroup v2c otherv3user
view mib2 included .iso.org.dod.internet.mgmt.mib-2 fc                           
access MyROGroup "" any noauth 0 all none none
access MyRWGroup "" any noauth prefix all all all                              
com2sec notConfigUser default public
com2sec notConfigUser default public                                  
group notConfigGroup v1 notConfigUser
group notConfigGroup v2c notConfigUser

and restart service
 /etc/init.d/snmpd restart

-- cek n jajal --
run this command
#snmpwalk -Os -c public -v 1 192.168.1.212 system


sysDescr.0 = STRING: Linux localhost.localdomain 2.6.31.5-127.fc12.i686.PAE #1 SMP Sat Nov 7 21:25:57 EST 2009 i686
sysObjectID.0 = OID: netSnmpAgentOIDs.10
sysUpTimeInstance = Timeticks: (925895) 2:34:18.95
sysContact.0 = STRING: sakti.dwi@localhost
sysName.0 = STRING: localhost.localdomain
sysLocation.0 = STRING: "monitor DataCenter"
sysORLastChange.0 = Timeticks: (17) 0:00:00.17
sysORID.1 = OID: snmpFrameworkMIBCompliance
sysORID.2 = OID: snmpMPDCompliance
sysORID.3 = OID: usmMIBCompliance
sysORID.4 = OID: snmpMIB
sysORID.5 = OID: tcpMIB
sysORID.6 = OID: ip
sysORID.7 = OID: udpMIB
sysORID.8 = OID: vacmBasicGroup
sysORDescr.1 = STRING: The SNMP Management Architecture MIB.
sysORDescr.2 = STRING: The MIB for Message Processing and Dispatching.
sysORDescr.3 = STRING: The management information definitions for the SNMP User-based Security Model.
and so on
this out put mean that snmpd is work

-- other chek --
this is monitoring tool that use snmp

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